تقرير منظمة العفو الدولية لعام  2013
حالة حقوق الإنسان في العالم

20 ديسمبر 2012

Russia: ‘Dima Yakovlev’ Bill in no one’s best interests

Russia: ‘Dima Yakovlev’ Bill in no one’s best interests
Woman protesting against new bill

Woman protesting against new bill

© ANDREY SMIRNOV/AFP/Getty Images


Quite apart from it’s clearly discriminating of Russian citizens of dual nationality there is a huge risk that the vaguely worded provisions in this bill will be used to clamp down on government critics and exposers of abuses. Indeed this would appear to be its real purpose.
Source: 
John Dalhuisen, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director

Russian parliamentarians must reject a bill that will have a chilling effect on human rights defenders and civil society when it goes through  its third reading in the Russian Parliament's Lower Chamber - the Duma - on 21 December 2012, Amnesty International said today.

The so-called "Dima Yakovlev bill" introduces, among other things, further severe restrictions on non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and bans the adoption of Russian children by US citizens. 

The bill allows the Ministry of Justice to arbitrarily stop activities and freeze the assets of NGOs that they consider to be involved in political activities, receive funding from US citizens or organizations or  conduct activities threatening the interests of the Russian Federation.

It also bans persons, who are US and Russian dual nationals from being a leader or a member of Russian, international or foreign NGO participating in ‘political activities’ in Russia. Organizations, or their branches which violate this rule could be closed and its property seized. 

If adopted, the restrictions in this law can be extended to citizens of any country banning entry and confiscating property of Russian citizens on the grounds of their violations of human rights in Russia.

“Quite apart  from it’s clearly discriminating of Russian citizens of dual nationality there is a huge risk that the vaguely worded provisions in this bill will be used to clamp down on government critics and exposers of abuses. Indeed this would appear to be its real purpose.” said John Dalhuisen, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director at Amnesty International.

The bill is named after a Russian child who died after adoption in the US and was drafted as response to the Magnitsky Act, passed in the US this month, introducing sanctions on Russian alleged human rights violators. Sergei Magnitsky was a lawyer who died in Russian custody and became symbol of Russia’s violations of human rights.

“This bill is frankly a childish response to the Magnitsky Act. The Duma should be focusing its efforts on how it can strengthen Russian civil society and not weaken it,” said Dalhuisen

A small number of Russian parliamentarians voted against the bill pointing out that it will violate bilateral agreements with the US on the adoption of children. Police detained about 30 demonstrators who were holding pickets outside the parliament.

موضوعات

حرية التعبير 

البلد

روسيا 

المنطقة

أوربا وأسيا الوسطى 

@amnestyonline on twitter

أخبار

18 سبتمبر 2014

إن الشرطة والجيش في نيجيريا تعذبان النساء والرجال والأطفال – وبعضهم بعمر 12 سنة– بشكل روتيني، ويستخدمان في ذلك  مجموعة واسعة من الأساليب، بما في ذلك الضرب وإطلاق... Read more »

11 أغسطس 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية في تقرير جديد صدر اليوم إن أهالي آلاف المدنيين الأفغان الذين لقوا مصرعهم خلال عمليات القوات الأمريكية وقوات "حلف شمال الأطنطي" (الناتو) قد تُركوا دون... Read more »

18 سبتمبر 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية إن إدانة محكمة عسكرية تايلندية لأربعة محتجين سلميين اليوم تعتبر صفعة في وجه العدالة وعلامة أخرى على شيوع القمع في ظل الحكم العسكري

... Read more »

15 سبتمبر 2014

عقب غرق قارب كان متجهاً إلى إيطاليا قبالة الساحل الليبي، حيث يُخشى أن يكون العديد من الأشخاص قد قضوا غرقاً، قالت منظمة العفو الدولية اليوم إن الزعماء الأوروبيين يجب أن... Read more »

18 سبتمبر 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية إن قانون مكافحة الجرائم الإلكترونية الجديد، والمثير للجدل، الذي يجرم نشر "أخبار غير صحيحة" على شبكة الإنترنت يشكل تهديداً جديا لحرية التعبير عن... Read more »