Implementation of the Rome Statute
11 November 2007
Countries that ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court commit to cooperating fully with the International Criminal Court and to fulfilling their primary obligation to investigate and prosecute crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes before their national courts.
It is only when national authorities are unable or unwilling to do so that the International Criminal Court can step in.
To ensure that they meet these commitments, governments that have ratified, or are in the process of ratifying, must review their national laws and amend them or enact new legislation as necessary.
Recognizing that the process of more than half the world’s countries implementing the Rome Statute represents an important opportunity to improve inadequate laws, which have contributed to impunity in many situations, Amnesty International has prepared a Checklist on effective implementation (AI Index: IOR 40/011/2000) to assist states in the implementation process and has provided commentaries on existing national laws and draft legislation in a significant number of countries.