International Criminal Court Rome Statute
11 November 2007
The Rome Statute was adopted on 17 July 1998 at the United Nations Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court in Rome.
Amnesty International started following the process of drafting the Rome Statute in 1993 when the International Law Commission was working on a draft. That draft was submitted to the United Nations General Assembly in 1994.
The organization then followed and provided input into the political process of reviewing the International Law Commission’s draft by an Ad Hoc Committee on the Establishment of an International Criminal Court. This was established by the General Assembly, which met twice in 1995. This work continued at the Preparatory Committee on the Establishment of the International Criminal Court, which met six times between 1996 and 1998.
Amnesty International sent a delegation to the five-week Rome Conference in June/July 1998. The organization lobbied on many issues to ensure that the International Criminal Court could be a just, effective and fair mechanism to contribute to ending impunity for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.