Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
11 November 2007
The Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia has been created by the United Nations and the government of Cambodia. Its purpose is to investigate and prosecute senior Khmer Rouge leaders and those who were most responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and some other crimes under national law that were committed during the period from 17 April 1975 to 6 January 1979.
The Extraordinary Chambers is located in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
In June 2007, the Extraordinary Chambers announced that five persons were initially under investigation.
Although Amnesty International fully supports the investigation and prosecution of the crimes, the organization expressed a number of concerns during the establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers.
In particular, the organization is concerned that the Extraordinary Chambers relies too heavily on the national judicial system in prosecuting the crimes on the basis that the Cambodian judicial system continues to be weak and subject to political pressures especially in high profile cases.
Amnesty International is campaigning for the Extraordinary Chambers, the national authorities of Cambodia and other countries exercising universal jurisdiction to ensure that all crimes committed in the country are investigated and prosecuted in accordance with the highest standards of justice, that the truth is told and that victims receive full and effective reparations.