International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
11 November 2007
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) was established in 1994 by the United Nations Security Council to investigate and prosecute crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Rwanda between 1 January and 31 December 1994.
The trial court for the ICTR is located in Arusha, Tanzania. The appeals court is located in The Hague and the Deputy Prosecutor is located in Kigali, Rwanda.
Since it was established, the ICTR has commenced proceedings against more than 50 persons suspected of committing crimes in Rwanda. Despite the fact that persons charged by the ICTR remain at large, the United Nations Security Council has called on the ICTR to complete its work by 2010.
Amnesty International is campaigning to ensure that the ICTR is provided the time and the resources to complete its cases. In doing so, the ICTR should act as a catalyst for Rwandan courts and other courts exercising universal jurisdiction to ensure that all persons suspected of the crimes committed in Rwanda are brought to justice in fair trials without recourse to the death penalty.