Document - Bahrain Fact File

</head> <body> <p> <b>AMNISTÍA INTERNACIONAL</b> <b> </b> </p> <p> <b>NOTA PARA LOS MEDIOS DE COMUNICACIÓN</b> </p> <p/> <p> <b>17 de abril de 2013</b> </p> <p/> <p> <b>INFORMACIÓN SOBRE BAHRÉIN</b> </p> <p/> <p>Al menos <b>72 personas han sido víctimas de homicidio</b> desde que comenzaron las protestas en febrero de 2011.</p> <p/> <p>Grupos bahreiníes de derechos humanos afirman que <b>al menos 50 personas han sido detenidas </b>en las últimas dos semanas <b>por su participación en disturbios y protestas contra la celebración del Gran Premio de Fórmula 1</b>. </p> <p> <b>El Gran Premio de Fórmula 1 de 2011 se canceló</b> a causa de las protestas, aunque el año pasado se celebró la carrera. <b>Salah Abbas Habib Ahmad Mousa</b>, manifestante de 36 años, <b>murió abatido por disparos</b> de las fuerzas de seguridad durante las manifestaciones del año pasado. </p> <p/> <p>En <b>junio de 2011</b>, las autoridades del país crearon la <b>Comisión de Investigación Independiente de Bahréin</b> para investigar los <b>abusos</b> cometidos durante los <b>disturbios de 2011.</b> En su informe, publicado en noviembre de 2011, concluyó que el gobierno de Bahréin era responsable de graves violaciones de derechos humanos. Pese a ello, al menos <b>26 personas han muerto en protestas desde la presentación del informe</b>. </p> <p/> <p> <b>Un total de 17 policías han sido procesados o están siendo juzgados en causas relacionadas con las protestas. </b>De ellos, 8 han sido absueltos y 6 han sido declarados culpables y condenados. Se han desestimado muchos otros casos, al afirmar las autoridades que los agentes actuaban en legítima defensa. </p> <p/> <p> <b>Este año, 13 presos de conciencia, activistas y líderes de la oposición encarcelados perdieron la apelación ante el tribunal de última instancia </b>y siguen <b>condenados por cargos de terrorismo</b> a causa del papel que desempeñaron en los levantamientos de 2011. </p> <p/> <p>Según la ONG Bahrain Watch, el <b>gobierno de Bahréin, con la intención de mejorar su imagen, ha gastado recientemente un mínimo de 32 millones de dólares estadounidenses en empresas de relaciones públicas.</b> </p> <p/> <p>Amnistía Internacional ha adoptado a <b>20 personas como presos de conciencia</b>: 14 de ellas están en prisión desde su detención en 2011 y las demás fueron encarceladas en 2012. </p> <p/> <p>En Bahréin hay al menos <b>80 menores recluidos en prisiones para adultos</b> por participar en las protestas.</p> </body> </html> <div class="messages noicon"><h2><a 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