The Lithuanian parliament has passed a law that prohibits the discussion of homosexuality in schools and bans any reference to it in public information that can be viewed by children.
The Seimas overwhelmingly voted to amend the "Law on the Protection of Minors against the Detrimental Effect of Public Information" on Tuesday. Of 74 parliamentarians that checked in for voting, 67 voted in favour of the legislation.
The amendment classes homosexuality alongside issues such as the portrayal of physical or psychological violence, the display of a dead or cruelly mutilated body of a person, and information that arouses fear or horror, or encourages self-mutilation or suicide.
Amnesty International condemned the vote by the Seimas, saying that the amendment institutionalizes homophobia and violates the right to freedom of expression and the right to be free from discrimination.
"By passing this bill, the Seimas has reinforced discrimination based on a person's sexual orientation," said Nicola Duckworth, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director at Amnesty International.
"The amendment denies the right to freedom of expression and deprives students of access to the support and protection they may need."
The new law is part of a growing climate of intimidation and discrimination in Lithuania against lesbians, gay men and bisexual and transgender people. In the past year, municipal authorities have issued derogatory statements.
An EU initiative, the "For Diversity, Against Discrimination" touring truck, was banned in Vilnius and Kaunas on 20 August 2008. The Mayor of Kaunas said that "[the] homosexual festival may cause many negative emotions."
The amendment goes against the joint statement that Lithuania signed at the UN General Assembly in December 2008, which reaffirmed that human rights apply equally to every human being regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity.
In 2002, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child expressed concern about similar legislation in the UK. The legislation was introduced in 1988 and finally taken off the statute book in September 2003.