Annual Report 2013
The state of the world's human rights

2 December 2008

"Chemical Ali" sentenced to death a second time

"Chemical Ali" sentenced to death a second time
Two senior former officials in Saddam Hussein's government were sentenced to death on Tuesday. 'Ali Hassan al-Majid (nicknamed "Chemical Ali") and 'Abdul Ghani 'Abdul Ghafour, were sentenced by the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal (SICT) for their role in the killing of thousands of people during the 1991 anti-government uprising in southern Iraq.

Other defendants received prison sentences ranging from 15 years to life. They include former defence minister Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Ta'i, who received 15 years, and Hussein Rashid al-Tikriti, who received a life sentence. Three others were acquitted.

If the death sentences against 'Ali Hassan al-Majid and 'Abdul Ghani 'Abdul Ghafour are upheld by the tribunal's Appeals Chamber, they will be executed within 30 days.

'Ali Hassan al-Majid, former Ba'ath Party commander of the northern region, Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Ta'i and Hussain Rashid al-Tikriti have already been sentenced to death by the SICT for their roles in the so-called Anfal campaign of 1988 that led to the deaths of some 180,000 Iraqi Kurds. Their death sentences were upheld by the SICT's Appeals Chamber on 4 September 2007.

On 27 February 2008, Iraq's Presidential Council approved the death sentence imposed on 'Ali Hassan al-Majid but is reported to have argued that Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Ta'i and Hussain Rashid al-Tikriti, as military personnel, were obeying orders and should not be executed.  All three are still in US military custody.

The Iraqi and US governments signed a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) on 27 November 2008 under which all those detained by US forces will be handed over to the Iraqi authorities after 31 December 2008. All former officials, including 'Ali Hassan al-Majid, Sultan Hashim Ahmad al-Ta'i, Hussain Rashid al-Tikriti and 'Abdul Ghani 'Abdul Ghafour, are likely to be executed.

Read More

Security agreement puts 16,000 Iraqi detainees at risk of torture (News, 28 November 2008)
Iraq executions follow apparently unfair trials (News, 18 April 2008)


Crimes Against Humanity And War Crimes 
Death Penalty 
Trials And Legal Systems 




Middle East And North Africa 

@amnestyonline on twitter


19 August 2014

The World Bank endorsed the Lagos state government’s inadequate compensation package for thousands of people forcibly evicted from an informal settlement.

Read more »
15 August 2014

The number of killings perpetrated by the police is on the rise again in the Dominican Republic whilst legislation intended to fix the problem stalls and stagnates in Congress... Read more »

19 August 2014

Court ruling directing the release of prisoner of conscience Irom Sharmila because there were no grounds for charging her with attempted suicide is a legal and moral victory... Read more »

06 August 2014

Ukrainian MP and former presidential candidate Oleg Lyashko has been “detaining” – in effect abducting – and ill-treating individuals across eastern Ukraine with total impunity... Read more »

20 August 2014

The apparent execution-style killing by the Islamic State (IS) armed group of a US reporter who went missing in Syria constitutes a war crime.

Read more »