Annual Report 2013
The state of the world's human rights

12 January 2009

Guatemala's President must act to avert crisis

Guatemala's President must act to avert crisis
A year into Alvaro Colom's term as Guatemala's President, more action needs to be taken to build on his promising commitments to improve human rights in the country.

"Our assessment of President Colom’s first 12 months in office is a mixed one," said Kerrie Howard, Americas Deputy Director at Amnesty International. "There have been positive moves, such as the commitment to opening the military files, but the Guatemalan justice system is still unable to deliver justice.

"Millions of Guatemalans are now living under the threat of violence and poverty. For their situation to improve, real action needs to take place urgently."

Positive measures taken by President Colom include the cooperation between the authorities and the International Commission Against Impunity. Amnesty International also welcomed the order to open the military archives relating to past human rights abuses committed during the country's internal armed conflict.

However, the organization has warned that the human rights situation in Guatemala remains very grave and a number of issues must be given top priority if crisis is to be averted. These include:

Discrimination and violence against women
According to official figures reported in the press, there was an increase in the number of women who were killed in Guatemala in 2008. The bodies of those killed frequently showed signs of rape and other torture prior to death. Investigations into these crimes are usually negligent and deeply flawed.

Public security
According to police officials quoted in the press, the number of killings in Guatemala continued to rise in 2008. It is believed that security forces could be implicated in some of these deaths.

Justice and impunity
The Public Prosecutor’s Office continues to under perform, with approximately 98 per cent of all crimes remaining in impunity. Abuse of the appeals system also remains a serious obstacle, paralysing legal progress in many cases.

Poverty
Forced evictions of rural communities, the majority of them Indigenous Peoples, continued during 2008. Forced land evictions sank thousands of people further into poverty.

Human rights defenders
Activists continued to suffer attacks and threats during the year. According to local non-governmental organizations, the number of attacks increased during 2008.

Disappearance Bill
A 2007 bill which would establish a commission to find victims of the estimated 45,000 enforced disappearances carried out during the internal armed conflict is still awaiting approval by Congress.

Past human rights violations
The 1999 Historical Clarification Commission (Comisión de Esclarecimiento Histórico – CEH) report documented 669 massacres. To date, less than five of these cases have resulted in convictions in a Guatemalan court. The military files believed to hold valuable information on historical human rights violations have still not been opened.

Read More

Still no justice for Guatemala massacre victims after 26 years (News, 5 December 2008)

Issue

Crimes Against Humanity And War Crimes 
Discrimination 
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 
Impunity 
Indigenous peoples 
Poverty 
Women 

Country

Guatemala 

Region

Americas 

Campaigns

Stop Violence Against Women 

@amnestyonline on twitter

News

29 July 2014

Burundi’s ruling party is perpetrating a relentless campaign of intimidation against government critics and its youth wing is carrying out crimes with impunity ahead of next... Read more »

31 July 2014

The US government must immediately end its ongoing deliveries of large quantities of arms to Israel, which are providing the tools to commit further serious violations of... Read more »

22 July 2014

Indonesia’s new President Joko Widodo must deliver on campaign promises to improve Indonesia’s dire human rights situation, Amnesty International said.

Read more »
01 August 2014

Governments across Europe and the European Union (EU) must swiftly sign and ratify the Istanbul Convention, a new continent-wide tool to prevent and combat violence against... Read more »

01 August 2014

A sharp rise in arrests, prosecutions and imprisonment of independent journalists in Iran signals the authorities’ utter determination to crush hopes for increased freedom... Read more »