Human rights groups have called on the Zimbabwe authorities to cease the persecution of human rights activists after five people were abducted in less than a week by groups with suspected government links.
Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the Open Society Institute also urged the international and African community to take strong action to protect those who fight for human rights in Zimbabwe. The abduction of activists is taking place at a time when the country is facing an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, including a cholera outbreak and severe food shortages.
"Behind the political crisis and health emergency, there is a worsening human rights crisis in Zimbabwe, with the most recent development being this unprecedented spate of abduction of human rights defenders," said Irene Khan, Secretary General of Amnesty International. "This shows the audacity of a regime that is desperate to stay in power, no matter what the cost. The only way out of this problem is through unified pressure from outside, in particular of African leaders."
The human rights organizations urged the African Union, the Southern African Development Community and the United Nations to lead the way in exerting pressure on President Mugabe and called on African leaders to issue a unanimous and public condemnation of Zimbabwe's actions.
"The situation in Zimbabwe is spiralling out of control," said Kenneth Roth, Executive Director of Human Rights Watch. "The government has made clear it can’t end the humanitarian crisis and won’t end the vicious pursuit of its opponents. Regional and international leaders need urgently to respond."
Harassment and ill-treatment of human rights defenders and their family members has intensified in recent days. Three human rights defenders and a family member of a prominent human rights lawyer have all been abducted and their whereabouts remain unknown. The evidence points to officials working on behalf of, or with the acquiescence of, the Zimbabwean authorities.
"The fight to ensure that human rights are respected in Zimbabwe is more critical than it has ever been," said Aryeh Neier, president of Open Society Institute. "The AU and SADC with the support of the UN should provide the leadership that would demonstrate that Africa has the capacity and the will to resolve a grave crisis in a manner that mitigates the suffering of Zimbabweans."
Although it remains unclear who abducted the four, the Zimbabwe authorities have a clear responsibility to determine and reveal the whereabouts of the abductees. Their failure to do this, let alone to acknowledge the abductions, places the abductees outside the protection of the law and may constitute an enforced disappearance, which is a serious violation of international law.
"The way this case has been handled demonstrates the complete breakdown of the rule of law in Zimbabwe," said Beatrice Mtetwa, an award winning human rights lawyer in Zimbabwe who is handling the case. "Citizens have not been able to rely on the courts for protection."
On December 3, 2008, Jestina Mukoko, the director of the Zimbabwe Peace Project (ZPP), a national human rights organization, was forcibly taken from her home in Norton, Harare. She was seized by about 15 men in plain clothes – some armed with handguns – who identified themselves as police from the Law and Order section of the Zimbabwe Republic Police. However, police in Zimbabwe have denied holding Ms Mukoko. Her lawyers submitted a habeas corpus application to the High Court on Friday, December 5, it was only heard by the courts on Tuesday 9 December.
On Tuesday 9 December, High Court Judge Anne Gowora ruled on the urgent application in the Jestina Mukoko case brought by Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights. She ordered the police to search for Jestina in all places of detention that they have jurisdiction over. She also ordered the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (all radio stations and television) to show "Jestina" adverts, the cost of which will be met by the applicants.
On December 5, at around midnight, Zacharia Nkomo, the brother of Harrison Nkomo – another leading human rights lawyer who was working on Jestina Mukoko’s case – was abducted by four unidentified men in civilian clothes from his home in Rujeko, Masvingo. The men responsible for the abduction were travelling in two green-and-silver Toyota Virgo twin cabs.
On December 8, two Zimbabwe Peace Project employees, provincial coordinator Broderick Takawira and driver Pascal Gonzo, were abducted by five unidentified men who forcibly entered the group’s premises in Mount Pleasant, Harare. The unidentified men – who were in civilian clothes – forced the two men into one of six Mazda Familia sedans that were waiting outside.
Also on December 8, Gandhi Mudzingwa, a former personal assistant to Movement for Democratic Change leader Morgan Tsvangirai, was abducted by another group of unidentified men in Msasa suburb, east of Harare.