Brazil has taken important steps to address the horrific crimes committed during the regime of 1964-1985.
Five former paramilitaries have each been sentenced to nearly 8,000 years in prison for their role in one of the bloodiest mass killings of Guatemala's civil war.
Serious concerns remain in Guatemala as the UN Human Rights Committee is due to evaluate the country's human rights performance.
Two new measures to protect Mexico's journalists and human rights defenders need swift backing from federal and state authorities.
Pedro Pimentel Ríos is the fifth former soldier in Guatemala to be convicted for his role in the 1982 killings of more than 250 people in a rural village.
A global "faxjam" action led by Amnesty International focuses on protection for a Peace Community that defends its right not to be drawn into armed conflict in Colombia.
Haitian authorities have dropped the case against former leader Jean-Claude Duvalier, who is accused of crimes against humanity during his rule.
A former Guatemalan head of state will face trial on genocide charges over massacres of thousands of mostly Mayan villagers in 1982 and 1983.
Relatives of hundreds of massacre victims have triumphed in forcing retired General Ríos Montt to appear before a court on genocide charges.
All Mexican states must adopt legislation to ban enforced disappearances, which have been on the rise in recent years as the authorities take on organized crime networks.
Despite an ongoing investigation, Haiti's former ruler has yet to face justice for widespread human rights violations from the past.
For decades, families have sought justice for hundreds victims of a 1981massacre at El Mozote in El Salvador.
A wave of violence against media outlets highlights the authorities' failure to protect journalists, posing a threat to freedom of expression.
At least four people died and scores were injured across the country after the election of Daniel Ortega.
The Uruguayan government has revoked a controversial 1986 law that shielded officials from prosecution for crimes against humanity.
A community leader from San Pedro Sula in northern Honduras has not been heard of since his abduction on 30 August.
In a legal precedent for Mexico, two Indigenous women raped by soldiers in 2002 have had their cases moved to the civilian justice system.
An armed ambush that killed a judge near Rio de Janeiro highlights the city's high level of criminality and police corruption.
Guatemalan presidential candidates are urged to commit to protecting and improving human rights ahead of elections in September.
Staff of the Guatemalan Forensic Anthropology Foundation have received death threats after testifying at a key trial on a 1982 massacre.