As Amnesty International launches its annual report, we speak to five key human rights activists.
A leading Ugandan activist has won the 2011 Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders.
Authorities in Swaziland must ensure the safety of four activists who were detained last night in an apparent bid to disrupt planned protests marches.
The Ugandan authorities must drop all criminal charges against several leading opposition figures temporarily detained today for taking part in protests in the capital Kampala.
Abel Chikomo, director of the Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO Forum, was on Wednesday charged with running an illegal organization.
Amnesty International expresses shock that at least 45 Zimbabwean activists have been charged with treason and could face the death penalty following their arrest at a lecture on the protests in North Africa.
Bernard Ntaganda has been given 4 years in prison for threatening state security and “divisionism”, based only on his speeches against government policies.
Sudanese authorities have arrested at least 70 people at demonstrations inspired by those in Tunisia, Egypt and Yemen, with one death reported and scores injured.
David Kato, who had successfully sued a national newspaper which named him as being homosexual, died after he was attacked in his home.
More than 30 Angolan detainees still imprisoned in appalling conditions under a vague security law overturned last year must be released,
Amnesty International is calling for the release of three anti-slavery activists who were jailed after exposing a case of two young girls allegedly forced to work as servants.
Sudanese activists Ali Agab and Abdel Monim Elgak, who were forced to flee their homes for defending human rights, tell Amnesty International about the challenges they face and what keeps them positive about the future.
Ugandan human rights groups welcome a court ruling banning media from publishing the names of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender people following a tabloid campaign targeting alleged homosexuals.
Charges have been dropped against Ellen Chademana, an employee at the NGO Gays and Lesbians of Zimbabwe.
Clemence Bakatuseka, who works on behalf of victims of sexual violence, says police demanded a 'protection fee' to help her after she was attacked by armed men at her home last month.
Eight men and women, some of whom are thought to have been monitoring the human rights situation in Darfur, are said to have been detained by the security forces in Khartoum.
Guinean authorities must investigate reports that police used excessive force to quell election protests, leaving one person dead, about 60 injured and more than 100 detained.
Farai Maguwu was charged with "publishing or communicating false information prejudicial to the state" after he reportedly told a diamond trade monitor about abuses carried out in Marange.
Activists and medical workers in Sierra Leone and Burkina Faso tell Amnesty International that world leaders need to put human rights at the heart of efforts to combat maternal mortality in Africa…
Amnesty International has called on the Zimbabwean authorities to release 83 activists arrested during a peaceful demonstration in the capital Harare on Monday.