Annual Report 2013
The state of the world's human rights

17 November 2011

Idaho urged to prevent first execution in 17 years

Idaho urged to prevent first execution in 17 years
Paul Rhoades is set to be put to death by lethal injection

Paul Rhoades is set to be put to death by lethal injection

© Robert Priseman. Reproduced Courtesy of the Goldmark Gallery

This is a punishment that offers no constructive solutions to violent crime
Rob Freer, Amnesty International
Thu, 17/11/2011


The US state of Idaho should prevent its first execution in 17 years, Amnesty International has urged ahead of tomorrow's planned execution of a death row prisoner.

Paul Rhoades, 54, is due to be put to death by lethal injection on Friday, in what would be Idaho's first execution since 1994, and only its second in more than half a century. 

"The execution of Paul Rhoades looms at a time when many in the USA are questioning the death penalty and when a clear majority of countries have turned against judicial killing," said Rob Freer, Amnesty International's USA researcher. 

Paul Rhoades has been on death row for nearly a quarter of a century. He was arrested on 25 March 1987 and charged with three separate murders committed over the previous month. He was sentenced to death a year later.

The Idaho Commission of Pardons and Parole has refused to hold a clemency hearing for Paul Rhoades. 

He had sought the hearing and a commutation of his death sentence to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole. 

His petition stated: "Over the past 24 years, I learned that repentance is the only positive way to express my guilt and remorse. For me, repentance means finding ways to make amends for my actions, even if those efforts seem inconsequential in comparison to the crimes I committed… I try to make amends by helping others move from anger toward reconciliation."

A number of Rhoades' fellow inmates submitted letters in support of clemency saying he had changed their lives by persuading them to turn away from violence or by helping them in other ways.

"The death penalty rejects any notion of reconciliation or rehabilitation, labelling the condemned prisoner as an object to be toyed with and discarded. This is a punishment that offers no constructive solutions to violent crime,” said Rob Freer.

Lawyers for Paul Rhoades are challenging Idaho’s lethal injection procedures, including the selection and training of the execution team. On Monday, a federal judge refused to issue a stay of execution. The issue is now before the US Court of Appeals.

Paul Rhoades’ childhood was marked by physical, psychological and emotional abuse. In 2006, a psychologist described his as "a damaged human being with little opportunity to be a healthy adult”. 

The judges who imposed the death sentences on Rhoades did not have the full picture about his background and severe addiction to the drug methamphetamine.

Rhoades' victims were school teacher Susan Michelbacher and convenience store clerks Stacy Baldwin and Nolan Haddon. 

He received two death sentences for the murders of Stacy Baldwin and Susan Michelbacher, and life imprisonment for the murder of Nolan Haddon.

There are 14 people under sentence of death in Idaho. The last execution, of Keith Wells in 1994, was the first in the state since 1957. Keith Wells had given up appeals against his death sentence.

There have been 42 executions in the USA this year and 1,276 since judicial killing resumed there in 1977.


Read More


USA: FIRST IDAHO EXECUTION IN 17 YEARS IMMINENT (Urgent Action, 4 November 2011)



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