from Middle east and north africa
Tunisia has extradited al-Gaddafi's former prime minister to Libya, putting him at risk of torture, unfair trial and extrajudicial execution.
Lebanon must launch an independent and impartial investigation into the deaths of two Palestinian men during clashes in a refugee camp.
The Syrian army's increased use of helicopters is putting civilians at even greater risk and further strengthens the case for an international arms embargo.
By granting itself new sweeping powers, Egypt's ruling military council has set the country on the path to further human rights violations.
A number of key Saudi Arabian human rights activists have been put on trial, signalling a growing crackdown on their work.
Ahead of a fresh wave of driving protests expected in Saudi Arabia, Amnesty International has urged King Abdullah to overturn a ban on women driving.
A string of arrests of activists in the Oman constitutes an attack on freedom of expression and assembly.
Bahrain's High Criminal Court of Appeal has upheld the conviction of nine health professionals tried for their role in anti-government protests last year.
A hunger-striking Palestinian footballer detained by Israel is at risk of death if he does not receive specialized medical treatment from a civilian hospital.
The Justice Ministry's decision to extend the military's power to arrest and investigate civilians paves the way for fresh human rights violations.
International action is urgently needed to end the shocking escalation of unlawful killings in Syria, says a new Amnesty International report.
Bahrain's High Criminal Court of Appeal is due to rule on the appeal of 20 health professionals charged in relation to last year's protests.
At least 55 people have been killed and dozens wounded in a wave of bombings across Iraq during a major Shi'a religous festival.
Activists calling for an end to sexual harassment of women protesters have been groped and punched by a group of men.
Former presidential secretary Abed Hamoud's hanging takes the total number of executions in Iraq in the first half of 2012 to at least 70.
Hisham Anour Ben Khayal categorically denies accusations he purposefully withheld medical treatment from an pro-Gaddafi fighter who died from a gunshot wound last year.
A court in Kuwait convicted a man to 10 years in prison for messages posted on Twitter that were deemed "insulting" to heads of state and religious figures.
A new Amnesty International report calls on Israel to stop using detention without charge or trial against activists from the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak has been sentenced to life imprisonment for complicity in the killing of protesters last year.
Egypt's state of emergency has ended and the authorities must now combat the systemic abuses the measure facilitated.