Several people were killed in ongoing land disputes in the Aguan region. Forced evictions left hundreds of campesino (peasant farmer) families homeless. Impunity persisted for human rights violations by the military and police, including those committed during the 2009 coup d’état. Human rights defenders continued to be subjected to intimidation.
In January, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights stated it was “deeply concerned about threats, serious acts of violence against and killings of members of the transgender community”.
In November, 28 Honduran mothers, whose children had gone missing in Mexico while travelling to the USA, went to Mexico to urge the authorities to establish an official search mechanism to help trace their loved ones and to enhance the protection of the tens of thousands of Central American migrants who travel through Mexico each year (see Mexico entry).Top of page
In April, the government established a Truth and Reconciliation Commission to analyse the events leading up to and during the coup d’état. In its report issued in July, the Commission acknowledged that the events of 2009 did constitute a coup d’état and that multiple human rights violations occurred, including acts of excessive use of force by the military and police. By the end of the year, no one had been brought to justice or held to account for these human rights violations.
In June, Honduras was readmitted to the OAS; it had been expelled following the 2009 coup d’état.
Members of the judiciary who were dismissed in unfair proceedings under the de facto government had not been returned to their posts by the end of the year.Top of page
Human rights defenders were threatened and harassed as they carried out their work.
A decree concerning contraception that had been issued in 2009 by the de facto authorities remained in place. This criminalized the use of emergency contraception by women and girls whose contraceptive method had failed or who were at risk of pregnancy resulting from sexual coercion.Top of page
Military personnel and large numbers of police were deployed in the Aguan region, where disputes over land ownership between hundreds of campesinos and various companies and private landowners erupted into violence.
Also in this context, forced evictions occurred throughout the year in the Aguan region, and little effort was made to resolve the problem. Agreements drawn up between the government and campesino organizations were not implemented, leaving thousands of campesino families homeless or at constant risk of eviction.
There were further allegations of human rights abuses by police.