Head of state
Dalia Grybauskaitė
Head of government
Andrius Kubilius
Death penalty
abolitionist for all crimes
3.3 million
Life expectancy
72.1 years
Under-5 mortality (m/f)
14/9 per 1,000
Adult literacy
99.7 per cent

Legal provisions entered into force that discriminated against gay and lesbian people. A criminal investigation into complicity in the CIA-led rendition and secret detention programme was threatened with closure.

Counter-terror and security

In January, following the recommendation of a 2009 parliamentary inquiry, the Prosecutor’s Office opened an investigation into abuse of power by intelligence officials over the creation of secret detention sites used in the CIA-led rendition and secret detention programme. The inquiry report concluded that secret prisons had existed on Lithuanian territory.

In February, a UN study on secret detention practices confirmed that flights operating under the rendition programme had landed in Lithuania, some under the cover of CIA “dummy” flight plans.

In June, the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture inspected the former CIA detention centres.

In November, concerns arose that the investigation by the Prosecutor’s Office into secret detention sites would be closed prematurely.

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Discrimination – lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people

In February, the authorities informed the Council of Europe that Lithuania did not plan to sign Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights, which protects against discrimination in respect of all rights.

In March, amendments to the Law on the Protection of Minors against the Detrimental Effect of Public Information entered into force. The new law classifies any information which “denigrates family values”, or which encourages a concept of marriage other than the union of a man and a woman, as detrimental to children and bans such information from public places accessible to minors.

The first Baltic Pride march to be held in Lithuania took place in Vilnius on 8 May, after attempts by certain authorities to ban it failed. In October, the parliament rejected a request by the Prosecutor’s Office to lift the immunity of two of its members who had allegedly behaved violently during the march.

Adoption by the parliament of amendments to the Administrative Code, introducing fines for the “promotion of homosexual relations”, was pending at the end of the year.

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Human rights by region

World regions Midde East and North Africa Asia Pacific Europe and Central Asia Africa Americas


A number of countries in Africa celebrated the 50th anniversary of their independence during the year while others prep ...


In the Americas many human rights have been recognized in law, if not always in practice, over the past 50 years. Whi ...

Asia Pacific

In a region with almost two thirds of the world’s population, stretching a third of the way around the planet, ...

Europe & Central Asia

The right to truth and justice, and the determination of victims and their relatives to achieve this how ...

Middle East and North Africa

2010 dawned with Yemen an unusual focus of international attention following an alleged terrorist ...

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