Head of state
Danilo Türk
Head of government
Borut Pahora
Death penalty
abolitionist for all crimes
2.0 million
Life expectancy
79.3 years
Under-5 mortality
3.0 per 1,000
Adult literacy
99.7 per cent

Despite some positive measures, the authorities failed to restore the rights of people (known as the “erased”) whose permanent residency status was unlawfully revoked in 1992. Discrimination against Roma continued.


The “erased”

Despite some positive measures, the authorities failed to guarantee the rights of former permanent residents of Slovenia originating from other former Yugoslav republics, whose legal status was unlawfully revoked in 1992. It resulted in violations of their economic and social rights. Some of them were also forcibly removed from the country.

In March, the Parliament adopted a law which allowed for restoration of permanent residency status to the majority of the “erased”. The introduction of the law was an important first step towards full restoration of their rights. However, it failed to provide them with reparation for the human rights violations they suffered. Access to economic, social and cultural rights was not guaranteed by the law. The authorities failed to present further plans for full restoration of the rights of the “erased”, and a large number of people were excluded from provisions of the law.

The case Kuric v. Slovenia was referred to the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights in February 2011 at the request of the government. In July, the Grand Chamber held a hearing in the case. A decision was pending at the end of the year. In July 2010 the Court had ruled that the “erasure” of applicants’ identity had violated their right to remedy, and their right to family and private life.


The government failed to put in place adequate monitoring mechanisms on discrimination against Roma. There were no effective remedies for acts of discrimination committed by private and public actors.

Top of page

Rights to adequate housing, water and sanitation

Despite some positive steps taken by the authorities, the majority of Roma were still denied access to adequate housing.

Many Roma lived in isolated and segregated Roma-only settlements or slums in rural areas, where they lacked security of tenure. In the informal settlements, they were denied protection from forced evictions and had no access to public services, including sanitation. In some municipalities Roma had to fetch water – for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene – from polluted streams, and public taps at petrol stations and cemeteries.

In October, following pressure by civil society organizations, the authorities of Škocjan municipality took steps to provide the Roma settlement there with access to water.

In May, the Governmental Commission for Roma Protection recommended that all municipalities make water available to informal Roma settlements. However, government funding was not provided to implement the recommendation.

In September, the UN Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation called on the authorities to immediately ensure access to water and sanitation for the Roma and to provide them with security of tenure, including by regularizing the informal settlements.

Top of page
World regions Midde East and North Africa Asia Pacific Europe and Central Asia Africa Americas

Jump to a Country Report


The popular movements across North Africa resonated with people in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in countries with r ...


On 11 August 2011, Judge Patrícia Acioli was shot 21 times outside her home in Niterói, Rio de Janeiro state, Braz ...

Asia Pacific

As winds of political change blew in from the Middle East and North Africa, several governments in the Asia-Paci ...

Europe and Central Asia

Early one spring morning in a small village in Serbia, one of Europe’s biggest manhunts came to an ...

Middle East and North Africa

For the peoples and states of the Middle East and North Africa, 2011 was a truly momentous year. ...

Amnesty International on social networks

Country Visits

  • Amnesty International delegates visited Slovenia in March.