In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to France:
Forced evictions and the right to adequate housing
• To end the practice of forced evictions;
• To amend existing legislation and introduce new legislation to prohibit forced evictions, and to provide guarantees against forced eviction, as set out in CESCR General Comment No. 7, including as regards adequate notice, information and genuine consultation, and provision of adequate alternative housing;
• To adopt the necessary legal and policy measures to ensure that everyone has at least a minimum degree of security of tenure to protect them against forced evictions, discrimination, harassment and other threats;
• To amend housing legislation so that it expressly prohibits forced eviction and sets down safeguards in line with international human rights standards which must be complied with prior to an eviction being carried out;
• To ensure that the right to adequate housing, including the right to a minimum security of tenure and access to essential minimum services, is guaranteed for everyone without discrimination.
Human rights abuses by law enforcement officials
• To ensure that all allegations of serious abuses by law enforcement officials are promptly, thoroughly, effectively and impartially investigated;
• To provide victims and families of victims of human rights abuses by law enforcement officials with full and effective remedy and reparation, including restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition, in accordance with the Basic Principles and Guidelines on the Right to a Remedy and Reparation for Victims of Gross Violations of International Human Rights Law and Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law;
• To ensure that disciplinary proceedings are initiated against law enforcement officials where there is reasonable ground to believe that they may have committed a human rights violation;
• To suspend police officers who are under investigation for serious human rights violations pending the outcome of the investigation;
• To ensure that police officers receive detailed training on human rights and in particular the prohibition of torture and other ill-treatment and the prohibition of discrimination.
• To monitor all policies for potential discriminatory impact and to provide fully disaggregated data, including by ethnicity and gender;
• To implement the recommendation by the UN Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to take a census of the population in France based on anonymous and voluntary ethnic and racial self-identification by individuals.
Torture and other ill-treatment
• To include a definition of torture in the Penal Code which corresponds to the definition set out in Article 1 of the UN Convention against Torture;
• To ensure that all allegations of torture and other ill-treatment are promptly, thoroughly, effectively and impartially investigated and those responsible brought to justice.
Gender based violence
• To reinforce and systematize the training for support and protection of victims of gender based violence and to ensure that such training is delivered to all relevant professionals;
• To encourage the consistent implementation of the law on violence against women in all courts throughout the country to ensure a homogenous penal response to such crimes;
• To implement a national plan against human trafficking, including a national coordination body, in line with the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings;
• To ratify the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.
Refugee, asylum seekers and migrants’ rights
• To remove the priority procedure for the assessment of asylum applications which does not adequately protect the fundamental rights of asylum seekers;
• To ensure that all asylum seekers have the right to a suspensive appeal in front of the National Asylum Court, (Cour nationale du droit d’asile);
• To remove the notion of “country of safe origin” from domestic law;
• To ratify the UN Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.
Ratification of international human rights treaties
• To ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and opt-in to the inquiry and inter-state mechanisms.