Informe anual 2013
El estado de los derechos humanos en el mundo

24 mayo 2012

Report 2012: No longer business as usual for tyranny and injustice

Report 2012: No longer business as usual for tyranny and injustice
Courage shown by protesters over the past year has been matched by a failure of leadership globally.

Courage shown by protesters over the past year has been matched by a failure of leadership globally.

© REUTERS/Handout


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Failed leadership has gone global in the last year, with politicians responding to protests with brutality or indifference. Governments must show legitimate leadership and reject injustice by protecting the powerless and restraining the powerful.
Fuente: 
Salil Shetty, Amnesty International Secretary General
Fecha: 
Jue, 24/05/2012

Strong Arms Trade Treaty needed as UN Security Council looks unfit for purpose

The courage shown by protesters in the past 12 months has been matched by a failure of leadership that makes the UN Security Council seem tired, out of step and increasingly unfit for purpose, Amnesty International said as it launched its 50th global human rights report with a call for a strong global Arms Trade Treaty later this year.

“Failed leadership has gone global in the last year, with politicians responding to protests with brutality or indifference. Governments must show legitimate leadership and reject injustice by protecting the powerless and restraining the powerful. It is time to put people before corporations and rights before profits,” said Salil Shetty, Amnesty International Secretary General.

The vocal and enthusiastic support for the protest movements shown by many global and regional powers in the early months of 2011, has not translated into action. As Egyptians go to the polls to vote for a new president, it looks increasingly as if the opportunities for change created by the protesters are being squandered.

“In the last year it has all too often become clear that opportunistic alliances and financial interests have trumped human rights as global powers jockey for influence in the Middle East and North Africa,” said Salil Shetty.

“The language of human rights is adopted when it serves political or corporate agendas, and shelved
when inconvenient or standing in the way of profit.”

A failure to intervene in Sri Lanka and inaction over crimes against humanity in Syria – one of Russia’s main customers for arms – left the UN Security Council looking redundant as a guardian of global peace. The emerging powerhouses of India, Brazil and South Africa have too often been complicit through their silence.

“There is a clear and compelling case for the situation in Syria to be referred to the International Criminal Court for investigation of crimes against humanity. The determination of some UN Security Council members to shield Syria at any cost leaves accountability for these crimes elusive and is a betrayal of the Syrian people,” said Salil Shetty.

Amnesty International Report 2012 documents specific restrictions on free speech in at least 91 countries as well as cases of people tortured or otherwise ill-treated in at least 101 countries – in many cases for taking part in demonstrations.

“Ousting individual leaders – however tyrannical – is not enough to deliver long-term change. Governments must uphold freedom of expression at home and abroad, take international responsibilities seriously, and invest in systems and structures that ensure justice, freedom and equality before the law.”

The UN meeting to agree an Arms Trade Treaty in July will be an acid test for politicians to place rights over self-interest and profit. Without a strong treaty, the UN Security Council’s guardianship of global peace and security seems doomed to failure; its permanent members wielding an absolute veto on any resolution despite being the world’s largest arms suppliers.

“Protesters have shown that change is possible. They have thrown down a gauntlet demanding that governments stand up for justice, equality and dignity. They have shown that leaders who don’t meet these expectations will no longer be accepted. After an inauspicious start 2012 must become the year of action,” said Salil Shetty.

Other global developments highlighted in Amnesty International Report 2012:

  • Highly repressive states including China threw the full weight of their security apparatus into the suffocation of protest. There was no improvement in North Korea’s horrific human rights situation.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa uprisings resonated strongly with people – but excessive force was used against protesters in countries from Angola to Senegal to Uganda.
  • Social protest gathered strength in the Americas, frequently bringing people into confrontation with powerful economic and political interests. Activists were threatened and killed, including in Brazil, Colombia and Mexico.
  • In Russia, civic activism grew and the country saw its largest demonstrations since the collapse of the Soviet Union, but opposition voices were abused and systematically undermined.
  • There was no sign of significant change in countries such as Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. This year’s Eurovision Song Contest host, Azerbaijan, suppressed freedom of expression and 16 prisoners of conscience are still behind bars for raising their voices in 2011.
  • Violence followed South Sudan’s vote for independence but the UN Security Council – along with the African Union’s Peace and Security Council – again failed to condemn abuses including indiscriminate bombardments by the Sudanese Armed Forces, or the Sudanese government’s closure of affected states to humanitarian organizations.
  • In the Middle East and North Africa, as the uprisings occupied world attention, other deep-seated problems festered. Iran’s government was increasingly isolated, tolerated no dissent, and used the death penalty with an enthusiasm only outstripped by China, while Saudi Arabia cracked down on protesters.
  • Israel maintained its blockade of Gaza, prolonging the humanitarian crisis and continued to expand illegal settlements in the West Bank. Palestinian political organizations Fatah and Hamas targeted each other’s supporters; Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups mounted tit-for-tat attacks in Gaza.
  • Myanmar's government took a pivotal decision to free more than 300 political prisoners and allow Aung San Suu Kyi to contest elections. An escalation of conflict-related human rights violations in ethnic minority areas, as well as continuing harassment and detention of activists, however, suggested limits to the reform.
  • Trends included abuses against Indigenous communities in the Americas as drives to exploit resources intensified; worsening discrimination in Africa over people’s sexual orientation or gender identity; increased xenophobic rhetoric from some European politicians; and increased vulnerability to terrorist acts in Africa by Islamist armed groups.
  • Progress including the global trend towards abolition of the death penalty; the erosion of impunity for past abuses in the Americas; and landmark steps towards justice in Europe with the arrests of General Ratko Mladić and Croatian Serb Goran Hadžić, to face trial for crimes committed in the 1990s wars in former Yugoslavia.

Campañas

Abolish the death penalty  
Arms control and human rights 
Seguridad con Derechos Humanos 
Exige Dignidad 
Justicia internacional 
No más violencia contra las mujeres 

Tema

Activistas 
AI@50 
Conflictos armados 
Armed Groups 
Empresas y derechos humanos 
Children 
Crímenes contra la humanidad y crímenes de guerra 
Death In Custody 
Pena de muerte 
Exige Dignidad 
Detención 
Disappearances And Abductions 
Discriminación 
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 
Extrajudicial Executions And Other Unlawful Killings 
Libertad de expresión 
Human Rights Standards 
Impunity 
Indigenous peoples 
Personas en situación de riesgo 
Justicia internacional 
Organizaciones internacionales 
Law Enforcement 
Medical And Health 
Revueltas en Oriente Medio 
Military, Security And Police Equipment 
Poverty 
Prison Conditions 
Presos y presas de conciencia 
Refugees, Displaced People And Migrants 
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity 
Tortura y malos tratos 
Juicios y sistemas judiciales 
Naciones Unidas 
Women 

País

Afganistán 
Albania 
Argelia 
Samoa americana 
Andorra 
Angola 
Anguila 
Antigua & Barbuda 
Antilles 
Argentina 
Armenia 
Australia 
Austria 
Azerbaiyán 
Bahamas 
Bahréin 
Bangladesh 
Barbados 
Bielorrusia 
Bélgica 
Belice 
Benín 
Bermudas 
Bután 
Bolivia 
Bosnia y Herzegovina 
Botsuana 
Brasil 
Brunei Darussalam 
Bulgaria 
Burkina Faso 
Burundi 
Camboya 
Camerún 
Canadá 
Cabo Verde 
Islas Caimán 
República Centroafricana 
Chad 
Chile 
China 
Colombia 
Comores 
República del Congo 
Islas Cook 
Costa Rica 
Cote D'ivoire 
Croacia 
Cuba 
Chipre 
República Checa 
República Democrática del Congo 
Dinamarca 
Yibuti 
Dominica 
República Dominicana 
Ecuador 
Egipto 
El Salvador 
Guinea Ecuatorial 
Eritrea 
Estonia 
Etiopía 
Islas Malvinas/Falkland 
Islas Feroe 
Fiyi 
Finlandia 
Francia 
Guayana Francesa 
Polinesia Francesa 
Gabón 
Gambia 
Georgia 
Alemania 
Ghana 
Gibraltar 
Grecia 
Groenlandia 
Granada 
Guadalupe 
Guam 
Guatemala 
Guinea 
Guinea-Bissau 
Guyana 
Haití 
Honduras 
Hong Kong 
Hungría 
Islandia 
India 
Indonesia 
Irán 
Irak 
Irlanda 
Israel y los Territorios Palestinos Ocupados 
Italia 
Jamaica 
Japón 
Jordania 
Kazajistán 
Kenia 
Kiribati 
Kuwait 
Kirguistán 
Laos 
Letonia 
Líbano 
Lesotho 
Liberia 
Libia 
Liechtenstein 
Lituania 
Luxemburgo 
Macao 
Macedonia 
Madagascar 
Malawi 
Malaisia 
Maldivas 
Malí 
Malta 
Islas Marshall 
La Martinica 
Mauritania 
Mauricio 
México 
Micronesia 
Moldavia 
Mónaco 
Mongolia 
Montenegro 
Montserrat 
Marruecos y el Sáhara Occidental 
Mozambique 
Myanmar 
Namibia 
Nauruano 
Nepal 
Países Bajos 
Nueva Caledonia 
Nueva Zelanda 
Nicaragua 
Níger 
Nigeria 
Niue 
Corea del Norte 
Noruega 
Omán 
Pakistán 
Palau 
Autoridad Palestina 
Panamá 
Papúa Nueva Guinea 
Paraguay 
Perú 
Filipinas 
Pitcairn Islands 
Polonia 
Portugal 
Puerto Rico 
Qatar 
Reunión 
Rumania 
Federación Rusa 
Ruanda 
Samoa 
San Marino 
Sao Tome And Principe 
Arabia Saudí 
Senegal 
Serbia 
Seychelles 
Sierra Leona 
Singapur 
Eslovaquia 
Eslovenia 
Islas Salomón 
Somalia 
Sudáfrica 
Corea del Sur 
Sudán del Sur 
España 
Sri Lanka 
St Kitts-nevis 
St Lucia 
St Vincent 
Sudán 
Surinam 
Suazilandia 
Suecia 
Suiza 
Siria 
Taiwán 
Tayikistán 
Tanzania 
Tailandia 
Timor Oriental 
Togo 
Tongués 
Trinidad & Tobago 
Túnez 
Turquía 
Turkmenistán 
Turks & Caicos Islands 
Tuvalu 
UAE 
Uganda 
Reino Unido 
Ucrania 
Uruguay 
EE. UU. 
Uzbekistán 
Vanuatu 
El Vaticano 
Venezuela 
Vietnam 
Virgin Islands (UK) 
Virgin Islands (US) 
Yemen 
Zambia 
Zimbabue 

Región

África 
África 
América 
Asia y Oceanía 
Europa y Asia Central 
Oriente Medio y Norte de África 

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