Rapport 2013
La situation des droits humains dans le monde

24 mai 2012

Report 2012: No longer business as usual for tyranny and injustice

Report 2012: No longer business as usual for tyranny and injustice
Courage shown by protesters over the past year has been matched by a failure of leadership globally.

Courage shown by protesters over the past year has been matched by a failure of leadership globally.

© REUTERS/Handout


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Failed leadership has gone global in the last year, with politicians responding to protests with brutality or indifference. Governments must show legitimate leadership and reject injustice by protecting the powerless and restraining the powerful.
Source: 
Salil Shetty, Amnesty International Secretary General
Date: 
Je, 24/05/2012

Strong Arms Trade Treaty needed as UN Security Council looks unfit for purpose

The courage shown by protesters in the past 12 months has been matched by a failure of leadership that makes the UN Security Council seem tired, out of step and increasingly unfit for purpose, Amnesty International said as it launched its 50th global human rights report with a call for a strong global Arms Trade Treaty later this year.

“Failed leadership has gone global in the last year, with politicians responding to protests with brutality or indifference. Governments must show legitimate leadership and reject injustice by protecting the powerless and restraining the powerful. It is time to put people before corporations and rights before profits,” said Salil Shetty, Amnesty International Secretary General.

The vocal and enthusiastic support for the protest movements shown by many global and regional powers in the early months of 2011, has not translated into action. As Egyptians go to the polls to vote for a new president, it looks increasingly as if the opportunities for change created by the protesters are being squandered.

“In the last year it has all too often become clear that opportunistic alliances and financial interests have trumped human rights as global powers jockey for influence in the Middle East and North Africa,” said Salil Shetty.

“The language of human rights is adopted when it serves political or corporate agendas, and shelved
when inconvenient or standing in the way of profit.”

A failure to intervene in Sri Lanka and inaction over crimes against humanity in Syria – one of Russia’s main customers for arms – left the UN Security Council looking redundant as a guardian of global peace. The emerging powerhouses of India, Brazil and South Africa have too often been complicit through their silence.

“There is a clear and compelling case for the situation in Syria to be referred to the International Criminal Court for investigation of crimes against humanity. The determination of some UN Security Council members to shield Syria at any cost leaves accountability for these crimes elusive and is a betrayal of the Syrian people,” said Salil Shetty.

Amnesty International Report 2012 documents specific restrictions on free speech in at least 91 countries as well as cases of people tortured or otherwise ill-treated in at least 101 countries – in many cases for taking part in demonstrations.

“Ousting individual leaders – however tyrannical – is not enough to deliver long-term change. Governments must uphold freedom of expression at home and abroad, take international responsibilities seriously, and invest in systems and structures that ensure justice, freedom and equality before the law.”

The UN meeting to agree an Arms Trade Treaty in July will be an acid test for politicians to place rights over self-interest and profit. Without a strong treaty, the UN Security Council’s guardianship of global peace and security seems doomed to failure; its permanent members wielding an absolute veto on any resolution despite being the world’s largest arms suppliers.

“Protesters have shown that change is possible. They have thrown down a gauntlet demanding that governments stand up for justice, equality and dignity. They have shown that leaders who don’t meet these expectations will no longer be accepted. After an inauspicious start 2012 must become the year of action,” said Salil Shetty.

Other global developments highlighted in Amnesty International Report 2012:

  • Highly repressive states including China threw the full weight of their security apparatus into the suffocation of protest. There was no improvement in North Korea’s horrific human rights situation.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa uprisings resonated strongly with people – but excessive force was used against protesters in countries from Angola to Senegal to Uganda.
  • Social protest gathered strength in the Americas, frequently bringing people into confrontation with powerful economic and political interests. Activists were threatened and killed, including in Brazil, Colombia and Mexico.
  • In Russia, civic activism grew and the country saw its largest demonstrations since the collapse of the Soviet Union, but opposition voices were abused and systematically undermined.
  • There was no sign of significant change in countries such as Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. This year’s Eurovision Song Contest host, Azerbaijan, suppressed freedom of expression and 16 prisoners of conscience are still behind bars for raising their voices in 2011.
  • Violence followed South Sudan’s vote for independence but the UN Security Council – along with the African Union’s Peace and Security Council – again failed to condemn abuses including indiscriminate bombardments by the Sudanese Armed Forces, or the Sudanese government’s closure of affected states to humanitarian organizations.
  • In the Middle East and North Africa, as the uprisings occupied world attention, other deep-seated problems festered. Iran’s government was increasingly isolated, tolerated no dissent, and used the death penalty with an enthusiasm only outstripped by China, while Saudi Arabia cracked down on protesters.
  • Israel maintained its blockade of Gaza, prolonging the humanitarian crisis and continued to expand illegal settlements in the West Bank. Palestinian political organizations Fatah and Hamas targeted each other’s supporters; Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups mounted tit-for-tat attacks in Gaza.
  • Myanmar's government took a pivotal decision to free more than 300 political prisoners and allow Aung San Suu Kyi to contest elections. An escalation of conflict-related human rights violations in ethnic minority areas, as well as continuing harassment and detention of activists, however, suggested limits to the reform.
  • Trends included abuses against Indigenous communities in the Americas as drives to exploit resources intensified; worsening discrimination in Africa over people’s sexual orientation or gender identity; increased xenophobic rhetoric from some European politicians; and increased vulnerability to terrorist acts in Africa by Islamist armed groups.
  • Progress including the global trend towards abolition of the death penalty; the erosion of impunity for past abuses in the Americas; and landmark steps towards justice in Europe with the arrests of General Ratko Mladić and Croatian Serb Goran Hadžić, to face trial for crimes committed in the 1990s wars in former Yugoslavia.

Campagnes

En finir avec la peine de mort 
Contrôle des armes et droits humains 
Pas de sécurité sans droits humains 
Exigeons la dignité 
Justice internationale 
Halte à la violence contre les femmes 

Thème

Militants 
AI@50 
Conflit armé 
Groupes armés 
Entreprises et droits humains 
Enfants 
Crimes contre l'humanité et crimes de guerre 
Mort en détention 
Peine de mort 
Exigeons la dignité 
Détention 
Disparitions et enlèvements 
Discrimination 
Droits économiques, sociaux et culturels 
Exécutions extrajudiciaires et autres homicides illégaux 
Liberté d'expression 
Normes relatives aux droits humains 
Impunité 
Peuples autochtones 
Personnes en danger 
Justice internationale 
Organisations internationales 
Application des lois 
Médecine et santé 
Crise Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord 
Équipement militaire, de sécurité et de police 
Pauvreté 
Conditions de détention 
Prisonniers d'opinion 
Réfugiés, personnes déplacées et migrants 
Orientation sexuelle et identité de genre  
Torture et mauvais traitements 
Procès et systèmes juridiques 
Nations unies 
Femmes 

Pays

Afghanistan 
Albanie 
Algérie 
Samoa américaines 
Andorre 
Angola 
Anguilla 
Antigua & Barbuda 
Antilles 
Argentine 
Arménie 
Australie 
Autriche 
Azerbaïdjan 
Bahamas 
Bahreïn 
Bangladesh 
Barbade 
Bélarus 
Belgique 
Belize 
Bénin 
Bermudes 
Bhoutan 
Bolivie 
Bosnie-Herzégovine 
Botswana 
Brésil 
Brunéi Darussalam 
Bulgarie 
Burkina Faso 
Burundi 
Cambodge 
Cameroun 
Canada 
Cap-Vert 
Îles Caïman 
République centrafricaine 
Tchad 
Chili 
Chine 
Colombie 
Comores 
Congo 
Îles Cook 
Costa Rica 
Côte d'Ivoire 
Croatie 
Cuba 
Chypre 
République tchèque 
République démocratique du Congo 
Danemark 
Djibouti 
Dominique 
République dominicaine 
Équateur 
Égypte 
Salvador 
Guinée équatoriale 
Érythrée 
Estonie 
Éthiopie 
Îles Falkland 
Îles Féroé 
Fidji 
Finlande 
France 
Guyane française 
Polynésie française 
Gabon 
Gambie 
Géorgie 
Allemagne 
Ghana 
Gibraltar 
Grèce 
Groenland 
Grenade 
Guadeloupe 
Guam 
Guatemala 
Guinée 
Guinée-Bissau 
Guyana 
Haïti 
Honduras 
Hong Kong 
Hongrie 
Islande 
Inde 
Indonésie 
Iran 
Irak 
Irlande 
Israël et territoires palestiniens occupés 
Italie 
Jamaïque 
Japon 
Jordanie 
Kazakhstan 
Kenya 
Kiribati 
Koweït 
Kirghizistan 
Laos 
Lettonie 
Liban 
Lesotho 
Liberia 
Libye 
Liechtenstein 
Lituanie 
Luxembourg 
Macao 
Macédoine 
Madagascar 
Malawi 
Malaisie 
Maldives 
Mali 
Malte 
Îles Marshall 
Martinique 
Mauritanie 
Maurice 
Mexique 
Micronésie 
Moldavie 
Monaco 
Mongolie 
Monténégro 
Montserrat 
Maroc 
Mozambique 
Myanmar 
Namibie 
Nauru 
Népal 
Pays-Bas 
Nouvelle-Calédonie 
Nouvelle-Zélande 
Nicaragua 
Niger 
Nigeria 
Nioué 
Corée du Nord 
Norvège 
Oman 
Pakistan 
Palaos 
Autorité palestinienne 
Panama 
Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée 
Paraguay 
Pérou 
Philippines 
Îles Pitcairn 
Pologne 
Portugal 
Porto Rico 
Qatar 
Réunion 
Roumanie 
Russie 
Rwanda 
Samoa 
Saint-Marin 
Sao Tomé-et-Principe 
Arabie saoudite 
Sénégal 
Serbie 
Seychelles 
Sierra Leone 
Singapour 
Slovaquie 
Slovénie 
Îles Salomon 
Somalie 
Afrique du Sud 
Corée du Sud 
Soudan du Sud 
Espagne 
Sri Lanka 
Saint-Kitts-et-Nevis 
Sainte-Lucie 
Saint-Vincent-et-les-Grenadines 
Soudan 
Suriname 
Swaziland 
Suède 
Suisse 
Syrie 
Taiwan 
Tadjikistan 
Tanzanie 
Thaïlande 
Timor-Leste 
Togo 
Tonga 
Trinidad & Tobago 
Tunisie 
Turquie 
Turkménistan 
Turks & Caicos Islands 
Tuvalu 
Émirats arabes unis 
Ouganda 
Royaume-Uni 
Ukraine 
Uruguay 
États-Unis 
Ouzbékistan 
Vanuatu 
Saint-Siège 
Venezuela 
Viêt-Nam 
Îles vierges (Royaume-Uni) 
Îles vierges (États-Unis) 
Yémen 
Zambie 
Zimbabwe 

Région ou pays

Afrique 
Afrique 
Amériques 
Asie - Pacifique 
Europe et Asie centrale 
Moyen-Orient et Afrique du Nord 

Suivre #AIR2012 @amnestyonline sur Twitter

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